EPP vs. EDR: What Is Each and How They Differ
A Comparison Between Two Major Security Solution Models. What to Choose for Better Endpoint Security
When it comes to cybersecurity incidents, your company’s endpoints are some of the most important IT assets you want to monitor and protect. The massive increase in remote work due to the Covid-19 pandemic brought a monumental rise in cyberattacks and breaches, so it is of paramount importance to know what the terms EPP and EDR mean.
What Is EPP?
EPP portrays the proactive attitude and stands for Endpoint Protection Platform. EPP is represented by solutions that detect and block cybersecurity threats at the device level. It typically includes components like antivirus, anti-malware, data encryption, firewalls, intrusion prevention, data loss prevention.
Most EPP approaches are signature-based – they prevent attacks by identifying threats based on known file signatures. A file signature refers to “a unique identifying number located at the beginning of a file. This number identifies the type of file, giving information about the data contained within the actual file.”
EPP tools today also offer dynamic fileless analysis and prevention, malicious static file detection, behavioural analysis and Machine Learning model detection.
Top Features of an EPP Solution
The most important capabilities of an EPP solution are:
- threat signatures;
- threat intelligence integration;
- static analysis for suspicious binary files;
- behavioral analysis;
- vulnerability management.
What Is EDR?
EDR, which stands for Endpoint Detection and Response, is the reactive part of the equation. EDR detects when something malicious has been executed on an endpoint and provides notifications, visibility and remediation.
EDR platforms combine next-gen antivirus elements with additional tools, providing real-time anomaly detection and alerting, forensic analysis and endpoint remediation. They collect and analyze data from a network’s endpoints and use artificial intelligence, machine learning and behavioural analysis to actively neutralize attacks.
EDR is essential for stopping attacks at the earliest signs of detection, even before a human admin finds out about the existence of a threat.
Moreover, EDR solutions also provide incident response capabilities to help security teams respond to cyberattacks faster and in a more efficient manner.
Top Features of an EDR Solution
The key capabilities of EDR solutions include:
- threat intelligence;
- threat detection and alerting;
- forensic incident investigation;
- incident response;
- incident containment.
EPP vs. EDR: How Do They Differ?
You’ve probably understood so far that EPP solutions are proactive, whereas EDR solutions are reactive, identifying malicious activity among normal user behaviour. Let us note some other differences between them:
|EPP represents the first line of defence.||EDR presumes that a breach has already occurred and helps contain and analyze it.|
|EPP does not require any active supervision.||EDR is used by security teams to respond to incidents.|
|EPP can prevent mostly known threats.||EDR can enable an immediate response to threats that EPP cannot detect.|
|EPP focuses on protecting each endpoint in isolation.||EDR offers data and context for attacks on multiple endpoints.|
It’s also worth mentioning that EPP platforms are not designed for post-compromise security. If attacks bypass your firewall and EPP, detecting them will be impossible without additional tools.
EPP vs. EDR: Which One to Choose?
EPP platforms require minimal supervision to protect your system’s endpoints, especially when they’re hosted in a cloud. EDR brings intelligence and visibility. An experienced IT team can efficiently use it to discover threats very early on.
However, as you can probably tell, the truth is you need both if you’re interested in having a good cybersecurity strategy.
The easiest method to avoid infections in the first place is to keep malware off your endpoint devices. Threats on your endpoints are matched with known malware signatures by EPPs, allowing them to be identified and removed from your device more rapidly. Unfortunately, because new malware emerges on a regular basis and existing malware can be changed, an EPP is insufficient to defend your network on itself alone.
Once a threat has gained access to your endpoint, you must swiftly contain and eliminate it to prevent it from spreading to your network. This is where EDR comes into play. While EPP is a more passive technique, IT security teams employ EDR to actively isolate threats and initiate automatic resolution strategies. EDR can also aid security teams in determining which endpoints were harmed and where the attack originated during threat investigations.
Together, EPP and EDR can “identify security incidents faster” and “simplify IT investigations”.
How Can Heimdal® Help with Endpoint Protection?
Heimdal®’s Endpoint Detection and Response service, a powerful cybersecurity technology designed to protect endpoints and continuously monitor and respond to mitigate cyber threats, will allow you to enjoy all the benefits of market-leading endpoint protection. It ensures continuous prevention using DNS-based attack protection and patching, combined with an immediate response to advanced cyber threats of all kinds.
The solution intelligently employs the following components of our security suite:
- Threat Prevention – a module fueled by our AI-driven Neural networks intelligence with 96% accurate ability to predict tomorrow’s threats today, allowing you to spot processes, users, URLs and attacker origins used to infiltrate your network, stopping attacks that firewalls cannot see.
- Patch and Asset Management – our automated patch management solution which allows you to cover both Windows and 3rd party software patch deployment.
- Next-Gen Antivirus – our next-gen antivirus that uses heuristic, behaviour-based engines powered by artificial intelligence to monitor processes and process changes, and 4 stages of scanning to detect and identify even the most advanced threats – Local File/Signature & Registry scanning, Real-Time Cloud Scanning, Sandbox and backdoor inspection, Process Behaviour-based scanning.
- Ransomware Encryption Protection, a groundbreaking, signature-free solution that protects your devices from encryption attempts made during ransomware assaults. Our solution works with any antivirus, giving your network enhanced detection skills and the ability to handle even the most sophisticated attacks.
- Privileged Access Management and Application Control– our PAM solution can remove permanent rights and give rights when needed, for the period that they’re necessary; the rights granted can be revoked at any time, while all actions will be logged for a full audit trail. Once our Threat Prevention or Endpoint detection modules have detected a threat, they can signal to our Privileged Access Management to remove rights to prevent the escalation of problems.
Drop a line below if you have any comments, questions or suggestions regarding the topic of EPP vs. EDR and contact us if you would like to try a demo of our EDR service.