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Desktop virtualization is a term that refers to a software solution that isolates the desktop environment and any related application software from the client device used to access the desktop environment, and that can be used to construct a whole desktop environment management system known as user virtualization.

Why Use Desktop Virtualization?

You could connect to your desktop environment from any location at any time via a LAN, WAN (including a home broadband connection), or other network connection to get access to your desktop environment.

In addition to supporting local USB devices and local printing, the majority of Desktop Virtualization systems also provide local graphics acceleration and other advanced capabilities.

Desktop Virtualization systems that are integrated with corporate directories such as Active Directory/LDAP enable the establishment of User Access Policies that may be applied to all users regardless of their role, geographical location, or kind of device, and because desktop virtualization allows for centralized administration, it is feasible to implement and monitor antivirus/firewall rules from the data center while utilizing a desktop virtualization. Users’ access to and use of the programs may be restricted, and their actions can even be tracked if they want to do so voluntarily.

The ability to make a quicker, more reliable, and easier backup and recovery of all user data is made possible by the central hosting and administration.

It is possible for authorized users (regardless of their location) to access the centrally hosted applications using a range of devices, such as desktop computers, laptop computers, thin clients, smartphones, and other mobile devices.

Users who purchase virtual desktop services may be given the option of downloading a virtual desktop client on their computers. This enables them to work even when network access is not available, and it immediately syncs with the server whenever they do connect to a network.

Desktop virtualization may result in improved performance for programs that need considerable CPU processing since the applications are now handled by heavy-duty server processors rather than desktop processors, and furthermore, users may switch between several such sessions in a very short period of time, as well as use any software and operating system on their desktop (with a single click).

In many cases, desktop virtualization software contains features that allow administrators to allocate and limit the server resources that may be used by different users, ensuring that no user uses an excessive amount of resources.

Desktop Virtualization Disadvantages

Desktop virtualization is a high-capital-investment endeavor. The purchase of Desktop Virtualization Software/Licenses as well as servers, centralized storage, and network infrastructure upgrades to accommodate increased bandwidth are required in addition to the purchase of individual PCs or thin clients for every user.

Licenses for operating systems, programs and other software will still need to be purchased for each individual user, therefore not allowing for any cost savings in this area.

In order to accommodate all of the additional bandwidth that Desktop Virtualization will create, the network infrastructure must be capable of sustaining it. It will have to be improved if this is the case. It is also necessary to have adequate bandwidth on the WAN lines in order to accommodate all of the distant DV users.

If the bandwidth on the distant end is insufficient or if there is congestion in the LAN, the display quality (when pictures are streamed from the server) may not be as good as it would be if the processing and viewing apps were run directly from the desktop.

Using Desktop Virtualization, it could be difficult to manage graphics and high-definition video files. However, there are certain work-around ways that companies use in order to circumvent this restriction, like having local graphic acceleration cards and rendering graphical applications on the desktop.

Types of Desktop Virtualization

Desktop virtualization currently comes in three varieties: VDI, RDS, and Desktop-as-a-Service (DaaS).

Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)

This creates virtual desktop sessions on virtual machines (VMs) in either an on-premises or cloud context. Using this method, organizations manage the desktop virtualization server just like any other application server on their network. Because all end-user computing is moved back to the data center, the initial deployment of servers to run VDI sessions may be costly. The fact that end-user devices no longer need to be updated regularly reduces this expense.


Is often used when just a few programs need to be virtualized rather than a full Windows, Macintosh, or Linux desktop. Applications are thereby transmitted to the local device, which runs its own OS. Because RDS virtualizes just apps, the number of users per virtual machine may be raised.

Desktop as a Service (DaaS)

This system helps IT departments by transferring the duty of providing virtual desktops to service providers. The predictable monthly costs that DaaS providers depend on will be valued by enterprises wanting to convert IT spending from the capital to operational.

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Dora Tudor

Cyber Security Enthusiast

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Dora is a digital marketing specialist within Heimdal™ Security. She is a content creator at heart - always curious about technology and passionate about finding out everything there is to know about cybersecurity.

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